EU AI Act explicitly mentions SMEs and start-ups, but how?

The EU AI Act Proposal contains 20+ explict mentions of SMEs/start-ups. It aims to soften obligations and ease access to specific compliance processes and to include them inside EU governance bodies.

Jean-Matthieu Schertzer

7 minute read

European Union is on the verge of adopting a horizontal Regulation on Artificial Intelligence (AI Act). Specific mentions of SMEs and start-ups are included. Let’s analyze them.

Exploring ChatGPT guardails: from protected to forgotten countries (Part 1)

When ChatGPT writes negative poems for some countries only.

Jean-Matthieu Schertzer

10 minute read

OpenAI ChatGPT has built guardrails on limiting the generation of negative content. How do these guardrails behave for countries? Spoiler: there are some gaps and disparities in ChatGPT safety mechanisms. Based on 24100 ChatGPT queries, this blog post is an exploration of ChatGPT responses when prompted to generate negative content about a country.

Do you know the 4 types of additive Variable Importances?

From Sobol indices to SAGE values: different purposes, same optimality

Jean-Matthieu Schertzer

12 minute read

Facing complex models, both computer simulation and machine learning practitioners have pursued similar objectives: to see how results could be broken down and linked to the inputs. Whether it is called Sensitivity Analysis or Variable Importance in the context of explainable AI, some of their methods share an important component: the Shapley values.

Breaking down factors of Covid-19 orientation algorithm by importance

Computing variable importances: Sobol Indices, Shapley Effects and Shap

Jean-Matthieu Schertzer

15 minute read

Let’s dig deeper on the important factors of the French Covid-19 patient orientation algorithm! The short answer is fever, diarrhea and number of risk factors, but the real answer is that your target population matters a lot.
Follow me on this journey with 3 variable importance methods and get some insights about how factors interact.

Simplifying the French Covid-19 patient orientation algorithm

From a decision tree to a point-based scoring system

Jean-Matthieu Schertzer

11 minute read

Were you aware that there is an official French decision tree to orient patients towards relevant medical services, depending on their Covid-19 related symptoms? I transformed it into a point-based scoring system (100% logically equivalent), so that a patient can compute his/her score by adding simple weights. Using these Covid-19 orientation algorithms, a more general comparative analysis is carried out concerning decision trees and scoring systems.